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  GUAYABERAS
 
 

 

The Story of the origin of the guayabera is quiet unknown. Its origin appears to be in the cuban village of Sancti Spiritus. There's a story that says around 1709 a farmer from there asked his wife to make him a comfortable shirt to work with. The lady make it without knowing it will be very popular. Another one tells about a Spanish inmigrant set up a tailoring in Sancti Spiritus' villa, where he was selling long shirts with pockets to put the cigars in, similar to the actual guayabera.

The first denomination was "Yayabera" for being used in the zone of the Yayabo River. But it is said thar the peasants were used to gather guayabas and to keep them into the pockets. from there that the name changed to "Guayabera"
  Guayabera

In the time of the maritime transport, there was a constant exchange between Cuba and Yucatan (relying only on maritime communication towards the rest of Mexico). Around the end of the 1800's, many well-off class yucatecans were buying in the shop "El Encanto".

Investigators have attributed to Pedro Mercader Gausch (Spanish) the introduction of the guayabera in Merida from Cuba. He added two front top bags with lids and buttons, he turned in broad the low bags (that in Cuba were adornment only) and he decided white to be the color, observing the typical local wardrobe and announcing it as "la guayabera".

With the rise of Fidel Castro to the Cuban Goverment in the sixties, the things changed and several businessmen in Yucatan decided to fabricate them due to the high demand of the product. Other models were created by adding them small modifications and improving its confection, for what a slogan managed to be very popular that says "Yucatan is the doorway to the mayan world and Merida is the world capital of the guayabera". From here it passed to Veracruz where the local people adopted as part of their official regional wardrobe.

A strong competition came against factory-works, especially from Asia. It received an impulse during the goverment of Luis Echeverria who was using them in his tour in Mexico as in foreign countries, which turned it into an article of exportation in his period.

It's the regional male vestment in Yucatan, used by many mestizos. It can have short or long sleeves, bearing front pockets in the breast area and the ending of the shirt. It can be made from cotton, linen, silk or some synthetic fabrics. In tropical countries, it is worn for solemn ceremonies.

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Guayabera